Differences

This shows you the differences between two versions of the page.

Link to this comparison view

Both sides previous revision Previous revision
Next revision
Previous revision
litespeed_wiki:config:recaptcha [2019/03/05 21:18]
Kevin Fwu [Rewrite Rule]
litespeed_wiki:config:recaptcha [2019/07/08 19:34] (current)
Lisa Clarke Copyediting
Line 3: Line 3:
 As of LiteSpeed WebServer 5.4RC1, reCAPTCHA is available as a method of defense against DDoS attack. As of LiteSpeed WebServer 5.4RC1, reCAPTCHA is available as a method of defense against DDoS attack.
  
-===== How To Enable at the Server Level =====+===== Enable ​Globally ​at the Server Level =====
  
 Access the WebAdmin console via ''<​nowiki>​https://​YOUR_SERVER_IP:​7080 </​nowiki>''​ Access the WebAdmin console via ''<​nowiki>​https://​YOUR_SERVER_IP:​7080 </​nowiki>''​
Line 12: Line 12:
  
  
-Set **Enable reCAPTCHA** to ''​Yes''​. This is the master switch.+Set **Enable reCAPTCHA** to ''​Yes''​. This is the master switch ​and it is required for both a control panel environment and an LSWS native environmentIt will enable the reCAPTCHA feature for all control panel Apache virtual hosts as well as LSWS native virtual hosts globally. It may be overridden at the virtual host level.  ​
  
 For other options, hover over the ''?''​ symbol to view detailed information about that option. For other options, hover over the ''?''​ symbol to view detailed information about that option.
  
- +For demonstration purposes, we will set **Trigger Sensitivity** to maximum (''​100''​),​ and **reCAPTCHA Type** to ''​Checkbox''​. ​You  ​may adjust these values according to your needs. Save and restart LSWS. This sensitivity setting will be inherited by all control panel Apache virtual hosts and LSWS native virtual hosts unless overridden at the virtual host level
-For demonstration purposes, we will set **Trigger Sensitivity** to maximum (''​100''​),​ and **reCAPTCHA Type** to ''​Checkbox''​. ​You  may adjust these values according to your needs. Save and restart LSWS.+
  
 {{:​litespeed_wiki:​config:​recaptcha2.jpg|}} {{:​litespeed_wiki:​config:​recaptcha2.jpg|}}
  
  
-When a visitor accesses the website , they will need to go though reCAPTCHA validation ​to protect ​against ​a DDoS attack such as HTTP Flood.+When a visitor accesses the website, they will need to go though reCAPTCHA validation. This validation protects the server ​against HTTP Flood and other DDoS attacks. 
 + 
 +After passing the reCAPTCHA validation, the visitor is temporarily whitelisted as long as they continue to browse the site. This makes for a better user experience. Once the visitor has been inactive for more than 20 minutes, reCAPTCHA is once again enabled for that visitor'​s next request.
  
 {{:​litespeed_wiki:​config:​recaptcha3.jpg|}} {{:​litespeed_wiki:​config:​recaptcha3.jpg|}}
Line 28: Line 29:
 You can also enable reCAPTCHA on an individual virtual host that is under attack, while leaving other websites disabled. You can also enable reCAPTCHA on an individual virtual host that is under attack, while leaving other websites disabled.
  
-===== How To Enable ​at the Vhost Level =====+===== Override/​Disable ​at the Virtual Host Level =====
  
-Server-level reCAPTCHA must be enabled.+Assuming you have enabled ​reCAPTCHA at the server level globally, you can override the settings at a virtual host level, but how you do so depends on which environment you are using.
  
-Please note that virtual-host-level sensitivity will override the sensitivity set at the server level. 
  
-You can enable virtual-host-level reCAPTCHA ​through rewrite rules or the WebAdmin console.+==== Override/​Disable for Apache Virtual Hosts ==== 
 +As of LSWS v5.4RC4, you can configure vhost-level reCAPTCHA ​via the ''​LsRecaptcha''​ directive in the virtual host include configuration.
  
-==== Rewrite Rule ====+  <​IfModule LiteSpeed>​ 
 +     ​LsRecaptcha (0-100) 
 +  </​IfModule>​ 
 +   
 +The ''​0-100''​ value defines or overrides **Trigger Sensitivity** for the virtual host. When LsRecaptcha is set to ''​0'',​ it means the reCAPTCHA feature has been disabled for that virtual host. 
  
-Use one of the following rewrite rule directives:+**NOTE**: The ''​LsRecaptcha''​ directive cannot be used in .htaccess files. 
 + 
 +==== Override for LiteSpeed Native Virtual Hosts ====  
 + 
 +Use the LSWS WebAdmin console to override reCAPTCHA in LSWS native mode. 
 + 
 +Navigate to **Configuration -> Virtual Hosts -> Security -> reCAPTCHA Protection** 
 + 
 +{{:​litespeed_wiki:​config:​recaptcha4.jpg|}} 
 + 
 + 
 +===== Advanced Configuration:​ Define reCAPTCHA Actions Through Rewrite Rules ===== 
 + 
 +If you want to further define the reCAPTCHA action as ''​deny''​ or ''​drop'',​ you can use one of the following rewrite rule directives ​in control panel virtual host document root .htaccess:
  
 ''​[E=verifycaptcha]''​ or ''​[E=verifycaptcha:​ ACTION]''​ ''​[E=verifycaptcha]''​ or ''​[E=verifycaptcha:​ ACTION]''​
  
-''​[E=verifycaptcha]''​ will always redirect to reCAPTCHA until verified. ''​ACTION''​ can be ''​deny''​ to return a 403 or ''​drop''​ to drop the connection when **Max Tries** is reached. Until Max Tries is reached, the client will be redirected to recaptcha.+''​[E=verifycaptcha]''​ will always redirect to reCAPTCHA until verified. ''​ACTION''​ can be ''​deny''​ to return a 403 or ''​drop''​ to drop the connection when **Max Tries** is reached. Until Max Tries is reached, the client will be redirected to reCAPTCHA.
  
 For example: For example:
Line 52: Line 70:
 (''​SOME-CONDITIONAL-CHECK''​ would be a suspicious UA, IP address, etc.) (''​SOME-CONDITIONAL-CHECK''​ would be a suspicious UA, IP address, etc.)
  
-==== LiteSpeed Native Mode ==== +**NOTE**: In most cases, rewrite rules will override the default server behavior. However, in cases where trigger sensitivity is high, visitors may be sent directly to reCAPTCHA before the rewrite rules can even be processed.
  
-You can also use LSWS WebAdmin console to enable reCAPTCHA in LSWS native mode. +===== Customize ​the Good Bots List =====
- +
-Navigate to **Configuration -> Virtual Hosts -> Security -> reCAPTCHA Protection** +
- +
-{{:​litespeed_wiki:​config:​recaptcha4.jpg|}} +
- +
-===== Customizing ​the Good Bots List =====+
  
 Google bots are considered good bots because they help index your site. However, they cannot do their job properly without receiving the correct page. The Bot Whitelist configuration may be used to specify bots that you may need for your site. Google bots are considered good bots because they help index your site. However, they cannot do their job properly without receiving the correct page. The Bot Whitelist configuration may be used to specify bots that you may need for your site.
Line 68: Line 80:
 Here, we have configured '​Edge'​ in the Bot Whitelist text area. Bot Whitelist is a '​contains'​ match, but regex may be used as well. Here, we have configured '​Edge'​ in the Bot Whitelist text area. Bot Whitelist is a '​contains'​ match, but regex may be used as well.
  
-After restarting, browsers containing Edge in the user-agent header will bypass ​recaptcha:+After restarting, browsers containing Edge in the user-agent header will bypass ​reCAPTCHA:
  
 {{ :​litespeed_wiki:​config:​recaptcha6.png?​800 |The browser on the left is Microsoft Edge, the browser on the right is Chrome.}} {{ :​litespeed_wiki:​config:​recaptcha6.png?​800 |The browser on the left is Microsoft Edge, the browser on the right is Chrome.}}
  
-The Allowed Bot Hits configuration may be used to limit how many times a good bot (including Googlebot) is allowed to hit a URL before it is redirected to recaptcha ​as well. This may be useful to prevent bad actors from bypassing ​recaptcha ​using a custom user agent.+The Allowed Bot Hits configuration may be used to limit how many times a good bot (including Googlebot) is allowed to hit a URL before it is redirected to reCAPTCHA ​as well. This may be useful to prevent bad actors from bypassing ​reCAPTCHA ​using a custom user agent.
  
-===== Customizing ​the Recaptcha ​Page =====+===== Customize ​the reCAPTCHA ​Page =====
  
-The default ​recaptcha ​page is generic. If you would like to customize the page, you may do so by creating a file at ''​$SERVER_ROOT/​lsrecaptcha/​_recaptcha_custom.shtml''​.+The default ​reCAPTCHA ​page is generic. If you would like to customize the page, you may do so by creating a file at ''​$SERVER_ROOT/​lsrecaptcha/​_recaptcha_custom.shtml''​.
  
-There are two script tags that are required and it is strongly recommended to avoid changing the form and the recaptchadiv unless you know what you are doing. There are three echos within the page itself. Those are used by the web server to customize the recaptcha ​type and keys and specify any query string used.+There are two script tags that are required and it is strongly recommended to avoid changing the form and the ''​recaptchadiv'' ​unless you know what you are doing. There are three echos within the page itself. Those are used by the web server to customize the reCAPTCHA ​type and keys and specify any query string used.
  
 Beyond those required attributes, everything else is customizable. As noted before, please ensure that you have backups of the default page and your customized page. Note that the ''​.shtml''​ extension is required in order to use the LSWS configured type and keys. Beyond those required attributes, everything else is customizable. As noted before, please ensure that you have backups of the default page and your customized page. Note that the ''​.shtml''​ extension is required in order to use the LSWS configured type and keys.
 +
 +===== Apply Your Own Site Key =====
 +You can apply your own reCAPTCHA key and adjust the configuration as you like. Client verification is completely determined by Google'​s reCAPTCHA service. The invisible type may display a difficult puzzle.
 +
 +For server wide protection that needs to cover a lot of domains, make sure ''​Verify the origin of reCAPTCHA''​ solutions is unchecked. Otherwise, you may need to apply a key for each domain.
 +
 +===== Set Trigger Sensitivity =====
 +Trigger Sensitivity refers to the automatic reCAPTCHA sensitivity. The higher the value, the more likely reCAPTCHA Protection will be used. A value of ''​0''​ is equivalent to "​Off"​ while a value of ''​100''​ is equivalent to "​Always On"​. ​
 +
 +Default values: ​
 +  * Server level: ''​0''​. ​
 +  * Virtual Host level: inherits server-level setting. ​
 +  ​
 +Syntax: Integer value between ''​0''​ and ''​100''​.
 +
 +LiteSpeed calculates **Trigger Sensitivity** as the percentage of your server capacity used, based on the number of active connections. reCAPTCHA is activated when this formula is true:
 +
 +Active connections * 100 / **Max Connections** > (100 - **Trigger Sensitivity**)
 +
 +For example:
 +
 +If **Max Connections** = ''​1000'',​ **Trigger Sensitivity** = ''​20'',​ and you currently have 900 connections,​ the formula would be evaluated like so:
 +
 +900 * 100 / 1000 > 100 - 20
 +
 +90 > 80 
 +
 +The result is true, so the incoming connection //will// be given a reCAPTCHA test.
 +
 +Calculating backwards, you can see that when the number of connections drops to less than 800, reCAPTCHA will not be invoked.
 +
 +
 +===== reCAPTCHA Returning 403 and Dropping Connection =====
 +
 +If reCAPTCHA fails a few times, it will return a 403 error and then drop the connection from that IP. It works this way in order to block attacks. If the ''​invisible''​ reCAPTCHA keeps auto-refreshing and then fails, just change the type to ''​one-click''​.
 +
 +
  • Admin
  • Last modified: 2019/03/05 21:18
  • by Kevin Fwu