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Load Balancer Context

Table of Contents

Load Balancer Context

URI | Cluster | Header Operations | Realm | Authentication Name | Require (Authorized Users/Groups) | Access Allowed | Access Denied | Max Object Size | Cache Stale Age (seconds) | Publicly Cache All | Cache Expire Time (seconds) | Privately Cache All | Private Cache Expire Time (seconds) | Enable Rewrite | Rewrite Inherit | Rewrite Base | Rewrite Rules | Add Default Charset | Customized Default Charset | Enable GeoLocation Lookup | Enable PageSpeed Optimization | PageSpeed Settings

Load Balancer Context

Description

A Load Balancer Context can be used to forward one URI or a group of URIs to another location. The destination URI can be either on the same web site or an absolute URI pointing to another web site.

URI

Description

Specifies the URI for this context.

Syntax

The URI can be a plain URI (starting with "/") or a Perl compatible regular expression URI (starting with "exp:"). If a plain URI ends with a "/", then this context will include all sub-URIs under this URI. If the context maps to a directory on the file system, a trailing "/" must be added.

See Also

Location

Cluster

Description

Specifies the cluster that handles requests to this context.

Syntax

Select from drop down list

Header Operations

Description

Specifies additional response/request headers to be added. Multiple header directives can be added with one directive per line. "NONE" can be used to disable parent header inheritance. If no directive is provided 'Header' is assumed.

Syntax

[Header]|RequestHeader [condition] set|append|merge|add|unset header [value] [early|env=[!]variable]

Example

set Cache-control no-cache
append Cache-control no-store
Header set My-header cust_header_val
RequestHeader set My-req-header cust_req_header_val

Tips

Syntax and usage are similar to Apache's mod_headers directives for supported operations.

The 'Header' directive is is optional and can be excluded or left in when copying rules from elsewhere without issue.

Realm

Description

Specifies the authorization realm for this context. When specified, a valid username and password must be provided in order to access this context. Authorization Realms are set up in the Virtual Host Security section. This setting uses each realm's Realm Name.

Syntax

Select from drop down list

Authentication Name

Description

Specifies an alternative name for the authorization realm for the current context. If not specified, the original realm name will be used. The authentication name is displayed on the browser's login pop-up.

Require (Authorized Users/Groups)

Description

Specifies which user/group can access this context. This allows you to use one user/group database (specified in Realm) across a number of contexts, but only allow certain users/groups from that database to access this context.

Syntax

Syntax is compatible with Apache's Require directive. For example:

  • user username [username ...]
    Only listed users can access this context.
  • group groupid [groupid ...]
    Only users belonging to the listed groups can access this context.
If this setting is not specified, all valid users will be allowed to access this resource.

Access Allowed

Description

Specifies which IPs or sub-networks are allowed to access resources under this context. Together with Access Denied and server/virtual host level access control, accessibility is determined by the smallest scope that a client's IP address falls into.

Syntax

Comma-delimited list of IPs/sub-networks.

Example

Sub-networks can be written as 192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0, 192.168.1, or 192.168.1.*.

Access Denied

Description

Specifies which IPs or sub-networks are NOT allowed to access resources under this context. Together with Access Allowed and server/virtual host-level access control, accessibility is determined by the smallest scope that a client's IP address falls into.

Syntax

Comma-delimited list of IPs/sub-networks.

Example

Sub-networks can be written as 192.168.1.0/255.255.255.0, 192.168.1, or 192.168.1.*.

Max Object Size

Description

Specifies the maximum size of an object that can be stored in the cache directory. The default value is "10MB".

Syntax

Integer number

Cache Stale Age (seconds)

Description

Specifies how long an object will continue to be served from cache after it has expired but before a new cached copy is available. The default is "10" seconds.

Syntax

Integer number

Publicly Cache All

Description

Publicly cache all URLs served under the current context (server, virtual host, or context level).

Virtual hosts configured through Apache's httpd.conf can use the "CacheEnable" and "CacheDisable" directives at the server, virtual host, context, file, and location level or in .htaccess. "CacheEnable" and "CacheDisable" directives are compatible with Apache mod_cache directives. However, when used at the context, file, or location level, or in .htaccess, "CacheEnable" and "CacheDisable" will only be applied to directories below the current level. URL parameters will be ignored.

Syntax

Select from radio box

Tips

Disabled by default. Do not enabled this setting if you are using any LSCache plugins.

Cache Expire Time (seconds)

Description

Specifies how long an object will be cached. The default is "86400" seconds (one day).

Syntax

Integer number

Privately Cache All

Description

Privately cache all URLs served under the current context (server, virtual host, or context level).

A separate cached copy will be made per user based on their IP and set cookies.
Virtual hosts configured through Apache's httpd.conf can use the "CacheEnable private /url" and "CacheDisable private /url" directives at server, virtual host, directory, file, and location levels or in a .htaccess file. "CacheEnable private" and "CacheDisable private" are compatible with Apache's mod_cache directives and will be applied to all directories below the current level. However, when used at the directory, file, or location level, or in a .htaccess file, "CacheEnable private" and "CacheDisable private" will only be applied to directories below the current level. URL parameters will be ignored.

Syntax

Select from radio box

Tips

Disabled by default. Do not enabled this setting if you are using any LSCache plugins.

Private Cache Expire Time (seconds)

Description

Specifies how long an object will be cached in private cache. The default is "60" seconds.

Syntax

Integer number

Enable Rewrite

Description

Specifies whether to enable LiteSpeed's URL rewrite engine. This option can be customized at the virtual host or context level, and is inherited along the directory tree until it is explicitly overridden.

Syntax

Select from radio box

Rewrite Inherit

Description

Specifies whether to inherit rewrite rules from parent contexts. If rewrite is enabled and not inherited, rewrite base and rewrite rules defined in this context will be used.

Syntax

Select from radio box

Rewrite Base

Description

Specifies the base URL for rewrite rules.

Syntax

URL

Rewrite Rules

Description

Specifies a list of rewrite rules at the virtual host level.

Do NOT add any document root level rewrite rules here. If you have any document root level rewrite rules from .htaccess, you should instead create a static context with uri "/" and add the rewrite rules there.

A rewrite rule is comprised of one RewriteRule directive and optionally preceded by multiple RewriteCond directives.

  • Each directive should take only one line.
  • RewriteCond and RewriteRule follow Apache's rewrite directive syntax. Just copy and paste rewrite directives from your Apache configuration files.
  • There are minor differences between LiteSpeed and Apache mod_rewrite implementation:
    • %\{LA-U:variable\} and %\{LA-F:variable\} are ignored by the LiteSpeed rewrite engine
    • two new server variables are added in the LiteSpeed rewrite engine: %\{CURRENT_URI\} represents the current URI being processed by the rewrite engine and %\{SCRIPT_NAME\} has the same meaning as the corresponding CGI environment variable.
The implementation of LiteSpeed's rewrite engine follows the Apache's rewrite engine specifications. For more details about rewrite rules, please refer to Apache's mod_rewrite document and Apache's URL rewriting guide.

Syntax

string

Add Default Charset

Description

Specifies whether to add a character set tag to the "Content-Type" response header, when content type is either "text/html" or "text/plain" without any parameters. When set to Off, this function is disabled. When set to On, either the character set specified by Customized Default Charset or the default "iso-8859-1" will be added.

Syntax

Select from radio box

Customized Default Charset

Description

Specifies a character set to be used when Add Default Charset is On. This is optional. The default value is iso-8859-1. This entry has no effect when Add Default Charset is Off.

Syntax

Name of a character set.

Example

utf-8

Enable GeoLocation Lookup

Description

Specifies whether to enable/disable IP Geolocation lookup. Can be set at server, virtual host, or context level. IP Geolocation is disabled by default when using value "Not Set".

Syntax

Select from radio box

See Also

Use Client IP in Header, DB File Path,

Enable PageSpeed Optimization

Description

Choose whether or not to enable PageSpeed optimization.

Syntax

Select from radio box

Tips

This can be set at the Server Level and overridden at the Virtual Host Level.

PageSpeed Settings

Description

Set parameters using Google default filter sets.

Example


pagespeed FileCachePath /tmp/lshttpd/pagespeed;
pagespeed RewriteLevel CoreFilters;